Citizen Science is an approach which involves members of the public in gathering scientific data and, in more advanced cases, also involves them in the analysis of such data and in the design of scientific research. Benefits of this approach include enhancing monitoring capabilities, empowering citizens and increasing Ocean Literacy, which can itself lead to the development of environmentally-friendly behaviours. There is a long history of citizen participation in science as a general concept. However, the process of studying and understanding the best ways to develop, implement, and evaluate Citizen Science is just beginning and it has recently been proposed that the study of the process and outcomes of Citizen Science merits acknowledgement as a distinct discipline in its own right.
Citizen Science is a potentially powerful tool for the generation of scientific knowledge to a level that would not be possible for the scientific community alone. Responding to this, the European Marine Board convened a Working Group on Citizen Science, whose main aim was to provide new ideas and directions to further the development of Marine Citizen Science, with particular consideration for the European context. This position paper introduces the concept and rationale of Citizen Science, in particular regarding its relationship to marine research. The paper then explores European experiences of Marine Citizen Science, presenting common factors of success for European initiatives as examples of good practice.
The types of data amenable to Citizen Science are outlined, along with concerns and measures relating to ensuring the scientific quality of those data. The paper further explores the social aspects of participation in Marine Citizen Science, outlining the societal benefits in terms of impact and education. The current and potential future role of technology in Marine Citizen Science projects is also addressed including, the relationship between citizens and earth observations, and the relevance of progress in the area of unmanned observing systems.
The paper finally presents proposals for the improved integration and management of Marine Citizen Science on a European scale. This leads to a detailed discussion on Marine Citizen Science informing Marine Policy, taking into account the requirements of the Aarhus Convention as well as the myriad of EU marine and environmental policies. These action areas, which are aimed not only at the marine research community, but also at scientists from multiple disciplines including non-marine , higher education institutions, funding bodies and policy makers, should together enable coherent future Europe-wide application of Marine Citizen Science for the benefit of all.
Spurring up research through a collaborative research platform : Seintinelles Cancer is a tangible reality for all of us. In France, , new cases are diagnosed each year 2 : one in four people will have cancer during their lifetime. Hence, we are all concerned, and it would be beneficial for all, whether directly or indirectly, if tomorrow the illness were better covered and more easily curable. So-called personalised medicine is a hope in cancerology. In order for it to truly be effective for patients, an adapted combination must be identified between a type of cancer, a treatment and a patient.
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Doctors and researchers must therefore have access to a significant amount of data, to be able to predict how such or such a treatment will operate on such or such a type of cancer, and to adapt it to each individual. This can only be made possible thanks to the civic action of the community as a whole. There will be no personalised medicine without strong collective action. Furthermore, as new technologies have become a strong part of our lives, they are also taking on a role in health and research.
The potential and the stakes are there. Researchers used to be technically limited when it came to analysing the data available to them. Today, their analytical potential has increased: what once took months, even years, sometimes takes less than 24 hours nowadays, such as decoding the human genome, for instance.
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Today, researchers are able to analyse great quantities of data very quickly, namely thanks to technological advances and the advent of digital technology in the health field. But paradoxically, they have a shortage of data at their disposal to do so. Indeed, the recruitment process of participants in a study is long, slow and costly. Each year, hundreds of cancerology research projects are financed in France, yet some never succeed or are heavily delayed, due to a lack of volunteering participants, and despite researchers having gathered the necessary funds and authorisations.
This is where the contribution of the general public steps in. By volunteering to make their data available to researchers, they can contribute to accelerating the research process. Yet, a dearth of information on the possibility of being involved in key research issues can be felt: Who can one turn to?
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How to proceed? We were aware of two populations, researchers and the general public, who each needed the other, yet had no canal at their disposal to enable them to collaborate more efficiently, to make advances in cancer research. This observation planted the idea of Seintinelles 4 : the first collaborative research platform on cancer in France. Seintinelles is a non profit-making charity under the French law of , supported by the ARC Foundation, the National Cancer Institute and the Chantelle lingerie firm.
Its mission is to accelerate the research process by enabling a closer collaboration between the field of research and civil society, whilst increasing all at once quantity, quality and variety of data made available to researchers.
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The platform launched in as a first step to this collaboration enabled over 15 research projects on all forms of cancer and not only breast cancer to come to fruition, and approximately 17, volunteers, men or women, ill or not, to come forward. Whereas recruitment formerly took researchers months to complete, today it only takes a few weeks, even a few days, thanks to the active participation of the general public. World Health Organisation, 2.
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National Cancer Institute. Epidemiology of cancers. Ipsos Sopra-Steria Research survey ; May 4. Networking for Sustainability: Challenges and Opportunities from Sparkling Science Sparkling science is a participatory research program in Austria with the specific characteristic: scientistis work side by side with young people in current scientific research projects. In both projects students from Secondary lower schools and the Secondary upper schools were instructed in the method of oral history and interviewed elder locals about the traditional cultivation.
Several media products and performances, like an app, a documentary film, a RAP song… should enhance landscape awareness and sustainable tourism in the region and offer added value for all stakeholders. We want STEAM learning to expand non-linearly and nurture a culture of multidisciplinary disruptive innovation through the power of inspiration and creativity. We need to nurture an international network with global reach because the challenges we need to solve are global.
STEAM needs to be fostered everywhere to catalyze human progress worldwide. Combining Arts and Citizen Science - Mobilising participation Citizen science approaches have become increasingly popular and embedded into data collection methods and participatory research. Our NGO Bristol Natural History Consortium has been working over the last 10 years on developing major public-facing activities that bring together tourism, heritage studies, and the arts alongside citizen science activities and educational activities.
What new types of thinking and participation can we encourage through new research methods? What special opportunities does the arts provide for engaging people with the natural world? We look forward to sharing new ideas, practical activities, robust audience research and evaluation, and proposals for new collaborative international activities. Products By Bayt. Use Our Mobile App.
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Upvote 5 Views Followers This Spanish institution has deployed and supported more than 60 projects including the Socientize www. One example of the activities carried out by this Observatory is the global study of gender of authors publishing in JCR journals. This presentation will also summarize the steps taken by the major scientific and science policy actors at national and local levels that engaged together to create Ibercivis and to deliver a number of services to the Spanish citizen science community. Ces outils sont attractifs et novateurs. Recently, they tried to develop citizen sciences with universities.
During this event, participants will learn with researchers how to collect, identify and conserve samples of flora and fauna of the park, specially birds, deers and arthropods. This event will be organised in collaboration with the Faculty of Science of Tunis and the natural history museum. This NGO develops different activities and surveys with local population and tourists to manage the area such as eradication of invasive species in the island since and protection of sea turtles nesting in the island.
Alors que manque-t-il pour y parvenir? Citizen Science in Switzerland — crowdsourcing sustainable development We have only 13 more years to achieve the ambitious UN Sustainable Development Goals! Rosy Mondardini. Citizen Science is an approach which involves members of the public in gathering scientific data and, in more advanced cases, also involves them in the analysis of such data and in the design of scientific research.
Benefits of this approach include enhancing monitoring capabilities, empowering citizens and increasing Ocean Literacy, which can itself lead to the development of environmentally-friendly behaviours.